Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors. CBT is commonly used to treat a wide range of disorders including phobias, addiction, depression and anxiety.
Cognitive behavior therapy is generally short-term and focused on helping clients deal with a very specific problem. During the course of treatment, people learn how to identify and change destructive or disturbing thought patterns that have a negative influence on behavior.
Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT)
Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a therapy designed to help people change patterns of behavior that are not effective, such as self-harm, suicidal thinking and substance abuse. This approach works towards helping people increase their emotional and cognitive regulation by learning about the triggers that lead to reactive states and helping to assess which coping skills to apply in the sequence of events, thoughts, feelings and behaviors that lead to the undesired behavior. DBT assumes that people are doing the best that they can, but either are lacking the skills or are influenced by positive or negative reinforcement that interfere with one’s functioning
Distress In DBT, Distress Tolerance skills are used when we are unable, unwilling, or it would be inappropriate to change a situation. It’s important to use the right skills at the right time. In order to change a situation or emotion, we would use Emotion Regulation skills.
Distress Tolerance skills are used to help us cope and survive during a crisis, and helps us tolerate short term or long term pain (physical or emotional pain).
Tolerating distress includes a mindfulness of breath and mindful awareness of situations and ourselves.
Psychodynamic and Interpersonal therapy
Interpersonal psychotherapy is a time-limited treatment that encourages the patient to regain control of mood and functioning.
Psychodynamic therapy is designed to help patients explore the full range of their emotions, including feelings they may not be aware of.